Veterinary Education

Global overview of veterinary schools: numbers

There are 520 veterinary schools/colleges globally, located in 113 countries.

94.5% of the world’s population live in a country with a veterinary school. That’s 6,588,399,546 out of a total global population of 6,973,738,433.

However, before we become too smug about this, 41.8% (113/194) of the countries in the world do not have a veterinary school.

The majority of these countries are in Oceania and Africa (Table 1). The small countries of the Pacific are particularly deficient in veterinary schools with veterinary schools only being found in Australia and New Zealand.

Table 1: Continents with proportion of their countries that have a veterinary school / college.

Continents Countries Vet college Percent
Africa 54 20 37.0%
Asia 44 28 63.6%
Europe 47 38 80.9%
N. America 23 15 65.2%
Oceania 14 2 14.3%
S. America 12 10 83.3%
Global total 194 113 58.2%

 
For the countries with at least one veterinary school, there is one school per 13,555,107 people (on average). The median is 6,090,646, indicating that the data is skewed to the right (Fig 1). The maximum number of residents per veterinary school is 91,195,675 for Ethiopia (at least they have a school). The minimum is St Kits with 1,817!

The number of residents per veterinary school is shown in Table 2 and the distribution is shown in Fig. 1.

Table 2: Number of residents per veterinary school for countries with at least one veterinary school.

Country Population Vet college Pop college
Afghanistan 30,419,928 1 30,419,928
Albania 3,002,859 1 3,002,859
Algeria 37,367,226 4 9,341,807
Angola 18,056,072 1 18,056,072
Antigua & Barbuda 89,018 1 89,018
Argentina 42,192,494 10 4,219,249
Armenia 2,970,495 1 2,970,495
Australia 22,015,576 6 3,669,263
Austria 8,219,743 1 8,219,743
Azerbaijan 9,493,600 1 9,493,600
Bangladesh 161,083,804 2 80,541,902
Belarus 9,643,566 2 4,821,783
Belgium 10,438,353 2 5,219,177
Bolivia 10,290,003 2 5,145,002
Bosnia 3,879,296 1 3,879,296
Brazil 199,321,413 53 3,760,781
Bulgaria 7,037,935 2 3,518,968
Cambodia 14,952,665 1 14,952,665
Canada 34,300,083 4 8,575,021
Cayman Islands 52,560 1 52,560
Chile 17,067,369 7 2,438,196
China 1,343,239,923 18 74,624,440
Colombia 45,239,079 11 4,112,644
Congo (DRC) 73,599,190 1 73,599,190
Costa Rica 4,636,348 2 2,318,174
Croatia, Republic of 4,480,043 1 4,480,043
Cuba 11,075,244 5 2,215,049
Czech Republic 10,177,300 1 10,177,300
Denmark 5,543,453 1 5,543,453
Dominican Republic 10,088,598 7 1,441,228
Ecuador 15,223,680 9 1,691,520
Egypt 83,688,164 12 6,974,014
El Salvador 6,090,646 1 6,090,646
Estonia 1,274,709 1 1,274,709
Ethiopia 91,195,675 1 91,195,675
Finland 5,262,930 1 5,262,930
France 65,630,692 4 16,407,673
Georgia 4,570,934 1 4,570,934
Germany 81,305,856 6 13,550,976
Greece 10,767,827 2 5,383,914
Grenada 109,011 1 109,011
Guatemala 14,099,032 1 14,099,032
Guinea Republic 10,884,958 1 10,884,958
Hungary 9,958,453 1 9,958,453
India 1,205,073,612 29 41,554,262
Indonesia 248,645,008 5 49,729,002
Iran 78,868,711 10 7,886,871
Iraq 31,129,225 2 15,564,613
Ireland 4,722,028 1 4,722,028
Israel 7,590,758 1 7,590,758
Italy 61,261,254 12 5,105,105
Japan 127,368,088 16 7,960,506
Jordan 6,508,887 1 6,508,887
Kazakhstan 17,522,010 3 5,840,670
Kenya 43,013,341 1 43,013,341
Kyrghyzstan 5,496,737 1 5,496,737
Latvia 2,191,580 2 1,095,790
Libya 5,613,380 2 2,806,690
Lithuania 3,525,761 1 3,525,761
Macedonia 2,082,370 1 2,082,370
Malaysia 29,179,952 1 29,179,952
Mexico 114,975,406 32 3,592,981
Moldova, Republic of 3,656,843 1 3,656,843
Morocco 32,309,239 1 32,309,239
Mozambique 23,515,934 1 23,515,934
Myanmar 54,584,650 1 54,584,650
Nepal 29,890,686 1 29,890,686
Netherlands 16,730,632 1 16,730,632
New Zealand 4,327,944 1 4,327,944
Nicaragua 5,727,707 1 5,727,707
Nigeria 170,123,740 7 24,303,391
Norway 4,707,270 1 4,707,270
Pakistan 190,291,129 4 47,572,782
Panama 3,510,045 1 3,510,045
Paraguay 6,541,591 1 6,541,591
Peru 29,549,517 8 3,693,690
Philippines 103,775,002 16 6,485,938
Poland 38,415,284 4 9,603,821
Portugal 10,781,459 4 2,695,365
Romania 21,848,504 5 4,369,701
Russia 142,517,670 33 4,318,717
Saudi Arabia 26,534,504 2 13,267,252
Senegal 12,969,606 1 12,969,606
Serbia 7,276,604 2 3,638,302
Slovak Republic 5,483,088 1 5,483,088
Slovenia 1,996,617 1 1,996,617
Somalia 10,085,638 1 10,085,638
South Africa 48,810,427 2 24,405,214
South Korea 48,860,500 9 5,428,944
Spain 47,042,984 10 4,704,298
Sri Lanka 21,481,334 1 21,481,334
St Kits & Nevis 1,817 1 1,817
Sudan 34,206,710 1 34,206,710
Sweden 9,103,788 1 9,103,788
Switzerland 7,925,517 2 3,962,759
Syria 22,530,746 1 22,530,746
Taiwan 23,234,936 4 5,808,734
Tajikistan 7,768,385 1 7,768,385
Tanzania 46,912,768 1 46,912,768
Thailand 67,091,089 6 11,181,848
Trinidad and Tobago 1,226,383 1 1,226,383
Tunisia 10,732,900 1 10,732,900
Turkey 79,749,461 8 9,968,683
Turkmenistan 5,054,828 1 5,054,828
Uganda 33,640,833 1 33,640,833
Ukraine 44,854,065 8 5,606,758
United Kingdom 63,047,162 7 9,006,737
Uruguay 3,316,328 1 3,316,328
USA 313,847,465 28 11,208,838
Venezuela 28,047,938 6 4,674,656
Vietnam 91,519,289 2 45,759,645
Zambia 13,817,479 1 13,817,479
Zimbabwe 12,619,600 1 12,619,600

 
Figure 1: Distribution of number of residents per veterinary school for countries with at least one veterinary school.

Methods

Original data on veterinary schools were obtained from American Veterinary Medical Association web site (https://www.avma.org/ProfessionalDevelopment/Education/Foreign/Pages/ECFVG-world-colleges-colleges.aspx). Data was transferred into Excel and colleges from USA and Canada added (http://futurevet.net/students/resources/avama-accredited-schools). Population data for each country (current to July 2012) was obtained from CIA World Fact Book (https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/). Number of countries of the word and their distribution by continents were obtained from World Atlas (http://www.worldatlas.com/nations.htm). Excel was used to calculate proportions.

Posted by Rick Speare on 17 January 2013